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Natural History Museum Library 








THE 8th OF MAY, 1886. 









Meetings, Functions, and Privileges of the Trustees . 7 


The Principal Librarian (and the Director of Natural 

History) . .10 

Editor of Guides to the Collections . . . .11 
Duties as Secretary and Accountant . . . .12 


Subordinate Officers: 14 

Keepers and Assistant Keepers 15 

Superintendent of Reading Room 17 

Assistants 17 

Chief Messengers . . . . . . . .18 

Attendance of Officers at Meetings, etc. . . .18 


Admission to the Museum, Holidays, etc 19 

Reading Room 20 

Use of the Collections . . . . . . .22 



Department of Coins and Medals : 

General Rules . .24 

Registration and Catalogues . . . . .27 

Duplicates . . . 29 

Inspection by Visitors , , . . , . , 30 

Care and protection of the Collections . .30 

Admission of Strangers . . . . . . .32 


Security of the Museum : 

Precautions against Fire, etc. ..... 33 


Succession of Trustees and Officers . , . -35 
Persons in office in May, 1886 ...... 50 




Of the Meetings, Functions and Privileges 
of the Trustees, 

1. General Meetings of the Trustees shall chap. i. 
be held four times in the year ; on the second Meetings. 
Saturday in May and December at the 
Museum (Bloomsbury) and on the fourth 
Saturday in February and July at the Museum 
(Natural History). 

2. Special General Meetings shall be sum- 
moned by the Principal Librarian, upon receiv- 
ing notice in writing to that effect signed by 
two Trustees. 

3. There shall be a Standing Committee, standing 
consisting of the Three Principal Trustees, Committee ' 
the Trustee appointed by the Crown, and 
Fifteen other Trustees to be annually ap- 
pointed at the General Meeting held on the 
second Saturday in May. 

4. Vacancies in the Standing Committee 
shall be from time to time filled up at a General 


chap. i. 5. Ordinary business shall be transacted by 

Standing , ^ ^ . , 

Committee, the Standing Committee, meeting at the 
Museum (Bloomsbury) or the Museum (Natu- 
ral History). The Committee shall report 
their proceedings to General Meetings held at 
that branch of the Museum to which these refer. 

6. No business shall be transacted by the 
Standing Committee unless Three Members at 
least be present. 

7. They shall have power to affix the Seal 
of the Corporation to Documents requiring it. 

8. They shall inquire, as often as they think 
fit, into the conduct of the Officers, Assistants, 
Attendants and Servants of the Museum ; and 
give directions accordingly. 

9. They may grant to the Officers leave of 
absence, provided that such absence, unless for 
special cause, do not extend beyond the space 
of eight weeks in the year, and that two at 
least of the Keepers of departments, having 
houses within the precincts of the Museum, be 
always in residence : provided also that the 
Keeper and the Assistant Keeper or Assistant 
Keepers of a department be not absent at the 
same time. 

10. The Standing Committee shall also have 
power to order payment of all pecuniary 
demands upon the Trustees. 

11. All moneys belonging to the Funds 
Account of the Trustees shall be kept at the 
Bank of England. 


12. The Standing Committee shall have chap. i. 
power to appoint Ordinary and Special Sub- tees. Commit 
Committees. Every Sub-Committee, unless 

for special cause, shall consist of not more than 
nine Trustees, three at least to be Members of 
the Standing Committee. Two Members of a 
Sub-Committee shall be a Quorum, of whom 
one at least shall be a Member of the Standing 

13. At every General Meeting, as well as at chairman of 
every Meeting of the Standing Committee or Meetings * 
of a Sub-Committee, the Trustee first called to 

the Chair, unless for special cause, shall occupy 
it so long as he is present at the Meeting. 

14. There shall be a general Visitation by Visitations, 
the Trustees every year of the Museum 
(Bloomsbury) on the second Saturday in May, 

and of the Museum (Natural History) on the 
fourth Saturday in July. Visitations at either 
Museum shall be held on such other day or 
days as the Trustees at a General Meeting, or 
the Standing Committee, may appoint. 

15. Any Trustee shall have free aCCeSS tO Privileges, 
every part of the Museum during Museum 
hours, and may take with him such persons as 

he shall please to introduce to every part, with 
the exception of the space within the bar in the 
Medal Room. 






Rules relative to the Principal Librarian and 
the Director. 

1. The Principal Librarian and all other 
persons having houses within the precincts of 
the Museum shall reside therein, unless leave 
of absence be granted by the Standing Com- 

2. The Principal Librarian, being chiefly 
entrusted with the care and custody of the 
Museum, is— 

(i.) To be responsible for the safety 
of the Museum and of the Property 
and Collections therein ; and to give 
orders in case of fire or other accidents. 

(2.) To exercise a general superin- 
tendence over all the Departments at 
Bloomsbury ; and to take care that the 
Officers, Assistants, Attendants and 
Servants be regular in their attendance 
and perform their proper duties ; and to 
report every omission in this respect to 
the Standing Committee. 

(3.) To make such remarks on the 
Reports of the Officers as he may think 
proper lor the information of the Trus- 

(4.) To grant admission into the 

1 1 

Museum to persons of eminence either chap. ii. 
for learning or rank, especially foreigners, Librarian, 
desiring to inspect the Collections, but 
not able conveniently to avail them- 
selves of the usual mode of admission. 

(5.) To take care that the Museum be 
kept open during the appointed hours ; 
and that due order and propriety of 
behaviour be observed by all persons, 
whether visitors or others. 

(6.) To grant admission into the 
Reading Room, the Print Room and 
the Sculpture Galleries ; and to provide 
that such facilities be afforded to the 
Readers and Students as are consistent 
with the security and preservation of the 

(7.) To communicate to the Officers 
and others the orders of the Trustees ; 
and to see that they be duly carried into 

(8.) To be the editor of the Guides to 
the Collections ; to see that they be 
prepared and printed in accordance with 
such directions as may, from time to 
time, be given to him by the Standing 
Committee ; and to take care that a 
sufficient supply of copies be always 
ready to meet the public demand. 

(9.) To be in attendance when the 
Museum shall be visited by the Sovereign 

I 2 

chap. ii. or by any members of the Royal 

Principal _ 

Librarian. Family, or by Royal Personages of other 


3. In case of the death or sickness of the 
Principal Librarian, the senior Officer in resi- 
dence shall exercise his functions. 

4. It is the duty of the Principal Librarian, 
in the capacity of Secretary,— 

(1.) To attend all meetings of the 
Trustees excepting those held at the 
Museum (Natural History) ; to take down 
the minutes of their proceedings ; to pre- 
pare lists of accounts due from the Trus- 
tees and payable from the Parliamentary 
Grant, to be submitted for approval at 
each meeting of the Standing Com- 
mittee, and to take care that orders for 
payment are duly made upon the Pay- 
master-General ; to conduct the corre- 
spondence of the Trustees ; to issue all 
summonses for meetings at Bloomsbury ; 
to notify to the Principal Trustees the 
vacancies which may occur in the estab- 
lishment ; and also to take the chief 
charge of all records and other documents 
connected with the business of the Trust. 

(2.) He is charged with all payments 
made on account of the Museum from 
the Funds Account at the Bank of 
England ; he is therefore empowered 


to sign Cheques for payments from chap. ii. 

. _ . i r i Principal 

the r* unds Account ; and ot these Librarian, 
payments he is to keep an exact state- 
ment, which shall be laid before the 
Standing Committee at the close of each 
financial year. 

(3.) He shall give securities for the 
due discharge of his office, to the amount 
of 10,000/. : that is to say, his own bond 
for 5,000/., and two other securities in 
a joint and several bond to the amount 
of 5,000/. 

(4.) He is to examine and check all 
bills sent in by tradespeople, and certify 
that the articles have been ordered under 
proper authority, that the charges are 
duly made, and that the computations 
are accurate. 

(5.) He is to keep a weekly account of 
all work done for the Trust paid other- 
wise than by fixed monthly or annual 
Salaries ; and to certify that such work 
has been duly authorised and that the 
charges are accurate. 

(6.) He is to keep an account of all 
books connected with the Museum at 
Bloomsbury published by the Trustees, 
and of the number of copies delivered 
and disposed of ; and periodically to 
ascertain that the stock in hand corre- 
sponds with the account. 


chap. ii. (7.) He is to examine and check the 

Librarian. printers' and booksellers' accounts, and 

receive the moneys due from book- 
sellers and other persons. 

(8.) He is to keep an account of the 
Stationery received and expended ; and 
make all applications to the Stationery 

5. The Director of the Museum (Natural 
History) shall perform duties at that Museum 
connected with custody and superintendence, 
the admission of Visitors and Students, editing 
Guides, and keeping accounts of publications 
and stationery similar to those discharged by 
the Principal Librarian at the Museum (Blooms- 
bury). He shall also issue summonses for and 
attend, as Secretary, meetings of the Trustees 
held at the Museum (Natural History). 


Rules relative to the Subordinate Officers, 
Assistants, Attendants and Servants. 

1. The Subordinate Officers are to assist the 
Officers mate Principal Librarian in the care and custody of 
the Museum ; they are strictly enjoined to give 
immediate notice to him if any article in the 
Museum be lost or damaged ; to be careful that 



everything within their Departments be at all chap. hi. 
times preserved in good and exact order ; that officers™ 10 
full and accurate Catalogues or Lists be made 
and kept, comprising every article under their 
care ; and that the rooms of their Departments 
be neat and clean. 

2. They shall give the whole of their time, 
subject to any regulations which may from 
time to time be made by the Standing Com- 
mittee, to the service of the Museum and 
the discharge of the proper duties of their 
several Departments ; and they shall not be 
absent from the Museum without giving 
previous notice in writing to the Principal 
Librarian or, in respect to the Museum 
(Natural History), to the Director, and to the 
senior Officer of their Departments. 

3. For the purpose of seeing that the Assist- 
ants, Attendants and Servants be at their post, 
and that due order be observed, some one at 
least of the resident Keepers of Departments 
shall remain in the Museum until five o'clock 
during March, April, September, and October ; 
and until six o'clock during May, June, July, 
and August of every year. 

4. The Keepers or, in their absence, the Keepers and 
Assistant Keepers, shall make monthly Reports Keepers, 
to the Standing Committee on the progress of 

the business in their Departments, and, within 
the first fortnight after Christmas of every year, 
lay before the Standing Committee annual 


chap. in. Reports as well on the business done in their 

Keepers and . , _ 

Assistant Departments as on the nature and extent of 


the Additions made to the Collections under 
their care. 

5. The Keepers of Departments shall see 
that every article bequeathed or presented to 
the Trustees of the Museum be distinguished 
by marking on it or attaching to it the name of 
the Person bequeathing or presenting the 
same, with the date of its reception in the 

6. The Keepers of Departments shall take 
care that the Assistant Keepers, Assistants, 
Attendants and Servants, be regular in their 
attendance and perform their proper duties, 
and shall report every omission in this respect 
to the Principal Librarian or to the Director. 
They shall not grant to any Assistant, Attend- 
ant or Servant, leave of absence from the 
Museum for a whole day, without first obtain- 
ing in that behalf the consent of the Principal 
Librarian or Director. 

7. The Assistant Keepers shall, if required 
by the Standing Committee, have their usual 
abode within one mile of the Museum. 

8. The Keepers of the Printed Books and 
Maps, of the Manuscripts, and of the Prints 
and Drawings, shall see that every article 
received in their Departments be duly stamped 
with the Museum Stamp. 

9. The Keeper of the Printed Books and 

Maps shall superintend and enforce the delivery chap. hi. 

of the Books and Maps under the Copyright 


10. The Superintendent and the Clerk of The Superin- 

' _ ,. _ , 11 i • i i > i * tendent and 

the Reading Room shall attend m the Reading the cierk of 

i«i the Reading 

Room, and on no account leave it, unless some R 00 m. 
other person or persons specially appointed by 
the Principal Librarian attend in his or their 

1 1. The Superintendent shall keep a Register 
of the names of the persons who are duly ad- 
mitted into the Reading Room ; and shall not 
allow other persons to enter it. He shall assist 
the Readers in their studies and researches. 
He shall keep order in the Room and see that 
Readers be provided with the printed books, 
manuscripts and maps, which they require ; and 
he shall take care that they do no damage to 

1 2. The Assistants, being under the imme- Assistants, 
diate direction of the Senior Officer of the 
Department in which they are employed, shall 

not absent themselves from the Museum with- 
out leave from him first obtained. Every 
Assistant shall keep a Diary, wherein he shall 
daily enter the business on which he is engaged, 
especially recording his absence from the 
Museum during any part of the day. All 
such Diaries shall be inspected and signed 
on the first day of every month by the Senior 
Officer of the Department and forthwith trans- 



chap. in. mitted by him, with such observations as he 


shall think fit, to the Principal Librarian or 

Chief Messen- I 

3. The Chief Messenger at each Museum 
shall superintend the Attendants and Servants ; 
he shall keep a daily Register of their attend- 
ance and report to the proper Officer every 
instance of negligence or misbehaviour. He 
shall keep an account as well of Letters and 
Parcels received and delivered as of the 
charges on the same, and of such other ex- 
penses as are usually included in a petty cash 
account. He shall see that no persons be im- 
properly admitted into the interior of the 
Museum, and that Visitors be conducted by 
some fit person to the Department for which 
they inquire. He shall be careful that the fires 
be extinguished at the proper time ; and for 
this purpose he shall, immediately after the 
closing of the Museum, visit all the rooms in 
which fires have been lighted. He shall also 
take care that, in the evening, the windows 
and doors be properly secured and the 
Museum left in a state of safety. He shall 
receive the House-keys from persons who have 
the use of them, when they leave the Museum. 
He shall see that the keys are so left, and 
shall report to the Principal Librarian, or 
Director, any irregularity in this respect. 
Attendance of 14. Every Officer shall be in readiness to 

Officers at . \ . 1 i\/r • r 

Meetings of the give attendance, if required, at the Meetings 01 





the Trustees ; and he shall remain within the chap. hi. 

Attendance of 

precincts of the Museum during the time of Officers at 

A ... Meetings of the 

every General Visitation. Trustees. 

15. No person appointed to any office or other Offices 
employment in the Museum shall hold any without per- 

. . mission. 

other office or engage in other business with- 
out the permission of the Standing Committee. 

16. In framing these regulations, the Trus- j^J^{ ion 
tees are aware that it is impossible for them 

to define the duty of each officer with a suffi- 
cient degree of precision for all possible emer- 
gencies ; in addition, therefore, to the above 
rules, it is to be considered as a general 
instruction to the several Officers that they 
conduct themselves as becomes men of honour, 
integrity and liberality, in the conscientious 
discharge of the duties of their respective 
stations, and as men who have the credit and 
utility of the Museum truly at heart. 


Concerning Admission to the British Museum. 

1. The Holidays to be observed at the chap. tv. 
Museum are Christmas Day, Good Friday Holldclys ' 
and every special Fast or Thanksgiving day 
appointed by authority. 

C 2 



Days and 
Hours of 



2. With the exception of certain rooms which 
will be closed on particular days for the purpose 
of the arrangement of the collections and for 
the visits of such persons as may be admitted, 
under rule n, to examine any part of the 
collections more minutely than can be done 
on the public days, the Museum shall be open 
every day except Sunday ; excepting also on 
the holidays above mentioned. During Christ- 
mas, Easter, and Whitsun weeks, the whole of 
the Museum shall be open every day except 

3. The hours for viewing the Collections are 
from ten till four during January, February, 
November and December ; from ten till five 
during March, April, September and October; 
from ten till six during May, June, July and 
August : on Monday and Saturday from the 
1st of May to the middle of July from ten till 
eight and from the middle of July to the end 
of August from ten till seven. 

4. Any person desiring to view the Collec- 
tions on the open days may be required to in- 
scribe his name and place of abode in a book 
to be kept in the Entrance Hall for that 

5. Visitors are to be decent and orderly in 
their appearance and behaviour; and the 
officers are to exclude all others or cause 
them to withdraw. 

6. The Reading Room of the Museum shall 


be kept open on every day of the week except chap. iv. 

. ., . Reading Room. 

Sunday, and except Good rnday, Christmas 
Day, and any Fast or Thanksgiving Day 
appointed by authority ; except also the first 
four week-days of March and October ; from 
nine in the morning till eight in the evening 
from September to April, inclusive, and till 
seven during the other months. 

7. Any person desiring to be admitted into 
the Reading Room is to apply in writing to the 
Principal Librarian, specifying his profession or 
business, his place of abode and, if required, 
the purpose for which he seeks admission : his 
application must be accompanied by a written 
recommendation satisfactory to the Principal 
Librarian ; and, thereupon, the Principal Libra- 
rian may grant to him admission or refer the 
application to the Trustees at their next 

8. Readers are not to lay the paper on 
which they write upon the book or manuscript 
they are copying from. 

9. No person is to write or make any mark 
whatsoever on any printed book, manuscript 
or map. The permission to use the Reading 
Room will be immediately withdrawn from any 
one infringing this rule. 

10. The Keeper, Assistant Keeper and 
Assistants, of the Department of Manuscripts, 
and the Superintendent and Clerk of the Read- 
ing Room, shall attentively observe persons 

chap. iv. inspecting or transcribing charters, legal 

ReadingRoom. . - . & . & 

instruments and other manuscripts. 
Special Rules n. Persons engaged in works of learning or 

forusingthe . 1 . & g r i i • , . . 

Collections, in the prosecution 01 useiul designs, desiring to 
examine any part of the Collections with more 
attention than can be done in the ordinary 
way of viewing the Museum or using the 
Reading Room, are to apply in writing to the 
Principal Librarian or, as regards the Museum 
(Natural History), to the Director, who may 
grant permission, or refer the application to the 
Standing Committee at their next Meeting. 

12. No part of the Collections shall be 
carried out of the precincts of the Museum, 
documents or other things required to be pro- 
duced in evidence only excepted ; for which 
purpose application shall be made to the 
Standing Committee at their next meeting, or, 
in urgent cases, to the Principal Librarian, or 
to the Director. If the application be granted, 
one of the Keepers or Assistant Keepers, or 
one of the Assistants, shall carry out such 
document or other thing and keep it con- 
stantly in his custody, allowing it to be 
inspected only in his presence, unless by com- 
mand of superior authority. 

13. Members of the Royal Academy, 
Artists and Students, may be admitted into the 
Museum for the purpose of copying sculptures 
or other objects of art, from Monday to 
Friday (except on the Holidays above men- 
tioned) from nine till four during January, 


February, November and December; from nine chap. iv. 
till five during March, April, September and for using the 
October ; and from nine till six during May, C 011 ^ 1011 ^ 
June, July and August. On Saturday the 
admission to the Sculpture Galleries shall be 
from eleven to the hours mentioned. 

14. Any person desiring to be admitted into 
the Museum for the purpose of copying sculp- 
tures or other objects of art, or for the pur- 
pose of study in the Print Room, is to apply 
in writing to the Principal Librarian, and in 
respect to Natural History Departments to the 
Director, specifying his profession or business, 
and his place of abode and, if not a member 
of the Royal Academy, accompanying his 
letter with a written recommendation satis- 
factory to the Principal Librarian or Director, 
who, thereupon, may grant admission, or refer 
the application to the Trustees at their next 

15. The privilege of admission to the Read- 
ing Room or any department of the Museum 
is in all cases granted upon condition that it 
may be at any time suspended by the Principal 
Librarian; or, at the Museum (Natural History) 
by the Director ; and that it may be at any 
time withdrawn by the Trustees in their abso- 
lute discretion. 

16. No Attendant or Servant shall, on any No Fee 
pretence, take any fee, reward or gratuity from owa 
persons visiting the Museum or using the 


Regulations for the Department of Coins 
and Medals, 

1. The Keeper and Assistant Keeper of the 
Department shall never both be absent from 
London at the same time as the Principal 
Librarian, and they shall be responsible for the 
due observance of this regulation. 

2. Two persons, Officers or Assistants of 
the Department, shall always be on duty in the 
Medal Room at the same time. 

3. The fire guards for the use of the Depart- 
ment shall be fitted with spring locks, to be 
closed at two o'clock in the afternoon for the 
remainder of the day and the key to be kept 
by the Officer in charge. No taper or other 
light of any kind shall be allowed in the 
Department, except the lantern used for light- 
ing fires and the spirit lamp required occasion- 
ally for making casts of coins in the Medal 
Room. No person shall be allowed to make 
such casts except by the authority of the 
Trustees. The spirit lamp shall not be kept 
in the Department nor allowed to be there at 
any other time than when it is in actual use for 
the purpose aforesaid. 


4. All the cabinets shall be kept locked and chap. v. 
the keys shall remain in the custody of the 
Keeper or Assistant Keeper, who may at their 
discretion give them to such Assistants as have 
occasion to consult the collections. Each 
cabinet shall have a number attached to it, and 

a daybook shall be kept, in which shall be 
registered the number of every cabinet opened 
each day, and by whom. Special locks shall 
be put at the discretion of the Keeper of the 
Department upon any of the cabinets. All 
Cabinets opened shall be again locked as soon 
as the Coin, Medal, or tray required for exami- 
nation shall have been taken out. The key 
shall be returned at once to the Keeper or 
Assistant Keeper, and no cabinet shall be left 
open at the close of the official day. 

5. All dummies of whatever kind and all 
coloured cards used for headings in the trays 
shall be kept in the Keepers study, under lock 
and key, in the custody of the Officer in 

6. No person, other than a Trustee, or the 
Principal Librarian, or the Officers and Assist- 
ants of the Department of Coins and Medals, 
or the Officers of the Departments of Antiqui- 
ties, shall be admitted within the bar of the 
Medal Room. 

7. The seat of the Assistant Keeper shall 
be in the Medal Room, and he shall occupy 
a study only when engaged on duties which 


Gentrai Rules cannot ke P ro P er ly performed in the Medal 

8. The duties of the Assistants in the De- 
partment of Coins and Medals shall be confined 
to that Department only. 

9. Whenever the Keeper or Assistant 
Keeper shall exercise the power of relaxing 
any Rule, the fact and the reason of such relaxa- 
tion shall be entered by him in a book kept 
for the purpose, which book shall be laid before 
the Trustees at each ordinary meeting of the 
Standing Committee. 

10. A certain portion of the collection of 
Coins and Medals shall be exhibited, and 
the Coins and Medals so exhibited shall, from 
time to time, be changed at the discretion of 
the Keeper of the Department, so that the 
whole of the collection may, in due course, 
be exhibited to the public. A register shall 
be kept, in which shall be recorded the number 
of Coins or Medals exhibited from time to 
time under their classes and metals, and this 
register shall be so framed as at once to afford 
the means of verifying the contents of the 
whole collection. 

Concerning 1 1. No persons shall be allowed to bring 
notr™ 5 Coins or Medals to the Medal Room, for the 
Trustees the purpose of comparison, without first obtaining 
the express permission of the Keeper, or, in his 
absence, of the Assistant Keeper ; and this 
permission shall be granted only on special 


12. All Coins or Medals brought into the chap, v. 
Department for the purpose of sale, presenta- Coins orMedais 
tion or examination, shall be delivered at once perty of the 
into the possession or custody of the Keeper of 
the Department, and kept in his study until 
they shall become the property of the Trustees 
or be returned to their owners : and no person 
belonging to the Department other than the 
Keeper or, in his absence, the Assistant 
Keeper shall have any Coins or Medals in 
his possession or custody within the Museum, 
except for the purpose of registration or cata- 

i^. All Coins or Medals, when and SO Concerning 
often as acquired, shall be placed in their and Catalogues 

, of Coins and 

proper classes. Medals. 

14. All Coins and Medals so acquired shall 
be registered according to their classes, and, so 
far as possible, simultaneously and without loss 
of time. 

15. A separate Register Book shall be kept 
for each class of Coins and Medals, as for 
Roman, Greek, &c. In registering Coins and 
Medals, or parcels of Coins and Medals, 
acquired from the collection of any one person, 
references shall be made from each Register to 
other Registers, if there be any, containing 
descriptions of other portions, if there be any, 
of the same collection. 

16. All entries in the Registers shall be 
made as full as possible, in order that the 


chap. v. Registers themselves may be used for Cata- 


Registration, logUeS. 

and Catalogues . . . 

of Coins and i J. In making entries of Coins and Medals, 
the rules laid down for the Catalogue of Greek 
Coins shall be, so far as possible, observed for 
all other classes. 

1 8. No Coins or Medals shall be delivered 
to any Assistant for the purpose of preparing 
for registration, or for registering or catalogu- 
ing, or for any other purpose, until such Assist- 
ant shall be at liberty and able at once to enter 
upon the proper execution of his work. 

19. When an Assistant is engaged on regis- 
tering or Cataloguing, no more Coins or 
Medals shall be on his table at one time than 
may be necessary for the proper execution of 
his work. 

20. Coins or Medals delivered to an Assist- 
ant for any purpose whatsoever shall be re- 
turned to the Keeper, or, in his absence, to 
the Assistant Keeper, at the end of each day ; 
and no Coins or Medals shall be allowed to 
remain in the Medal Room when the room is 
closed, except such as are registered and incor- 
porated with their respective classes. 

21. In the process of incorporating Coins or 
Medals, or of re-arranging Coins or Medals, 
when it shall become necessary to withdraw or 
supply dummies, or to supply heading cards, 
the Keeper or Assistant Keeper of the De- 
partment shall withdraw or supply such dum- 

2 9 

mies or heading cards. The Assistant who chap. v. 


has been engaged on the previous processes 01 Registration, 

. . i 11 • and Catalogues 

the incorporation or re-arrangement shall in 0 f Coins and 

, Medals. 

every case be present. 

22. A hand Catalogue shall be made, to 
show important Coins and Medals ; such hand 
Catalogue to be always in the custody of the 
Keeper of the Department ; and when altera- 
tions in it are necessary, they shall be first 
submitted for approval to the Keeper or to the 
Assistant Keeper. 

23. Sulphur Casts shall be made of im- 
portant Coins and Medals. 

24. No Coin or Medal shall be rejected as a Concerning 
duplicate, or incorporated with the collection of Comfand 
duplicates, until it shall have been first sub- Medals * 
mitted to the Keeper or, in his absence, to the 
Assistant Keeper and duly compared by him 

with the Coins or Medals in the General 

25. A list shall from time to time be made 
of all duplicate Coins or Medals set apart as 
such from the General Collection. 

26. A Sulphur Cast shall from time to time 
be made of every Coin or Medal parted with 
as a duplicate. 

27. A card shall be placed under each dupli- 
cate Coin or Medal removed from the General 
Collection, showing from what collection or 
parcel (if any) the Coin or Medal which has 


chap. v. been incorporated with the General Collection 

in its place has been acquired. 
Concerning 28. No stranger, unless personally known 

Inspection of 

Coins and to the Keeper, Assistant Keeper or one of 
Visitors, the Assistants in the Department, shall be 
allowed to see the Coins or Medals without a 
written introduction satisfactory to the Keeper 
or Assistant Keeper ; and all such introduc- 
tions shall be filed in a Register by them- 

29. A day-book shall be kept recording the 
examination of Coins or Medals not under 
glass by visitors, with the name and address of 
each such visitor and the name of the person 
or persons in attendance on such occasions, the 
latter to make the entry, which shall be signed 
by the visitor and the person or persons in 

30. It is strictly forbidden to show Coins 
or Medals to visitors, unless the Keeper or 
Assistant Keeper and at least one Assistant be 
present in the Medal Room during the visit, 
and unless some one person attached to the 
Department be looking on and watching. No 
person, unless attached to the Department, 
shall be allowed to show Coins or Medals to 

31. All Coins and Medals shall be exhibited 
to visitors under glass, excepting such as the 
Keeper or Assistant Keeper shall allow to be 
handled for numismatic or scientific purposes, 


No person shall be allowed to have in his hand chap. v. 
a Coin or Medal belonging to the Department Inspection of 

, ! , . • i • i i /-^ * Coins and 

and nave at the same time in his hand a Com Medals by 
or Medal of his own. Visitors. 

32. Only one tray of Coins or Medals at a 
time shall be exhibited to visitors unless for any 
special purpose, when the Keeper or, in his 
absence, the Assistant Keeper may use his dis- 
cretion as to the extent to which the rule should 
be relaxed. 

Each tray of Coins or Medals shall be re- 
moved from the bar before another be placed 
upon it. 

33. No person, other than a Trustee or the Concerning the 
Principal Librarian, unless attached to the tection of the 

1 11 1 r 1 Collections. 

Department, shall have access to any of the 

34. The Cabinets and Presses in the Keeper's 
room shall be kept always locked. The keys 
of these Cabinets and Presses shall be in the 
custody of the Keeper or, in his absence, of 
the Assistant Keeper. 

35. No Coins or Medals, after having been 
registered or catalogued, shall be kept in the 
study of the Keeper or of the Assistant 
Keeper. But all Coins and Medals shall be 
kept in the Medal Room, with the exception 
of such as may, with the sanction of the 
Trustees, be from time to time exhibited in 
the Gold Ornament Room or elsewhere in 
the Museum. 


chap. v. 36. The door opening from the corridor 
S^. e mto the Medal Room sha11 be alwa Y s kept 

tection of the r 1 oqpf q 
Collections. CiOSea. 

37. The door communicating from the Gold 
Ornament Room to the study of the Assistant 
Keeper shall be kept always locked, and also 
the door from the same room into the Keeper's 
study — whenever he is absent from his duties 
— unless when this room may be occupied by 
the Assistant Keeper in the absence of the 

Concerning 38. No stranger shall be allowed to draw 

Admission of . 

strangers to or copy m the study 01 the Keeper or 01 the 

the Coin and . T _ . " 1111 

Medal Room Assistant Keeper ; and no stranger shall be 
stud£. eperS allowed to sit in the Medal Room for the pur- 
pose of drawing or copying unless employed 
by the Trustees or the Keeper to make draw- 
ings or copies of Coins or Medals ; but, if so 
employed, such stranger shall sit outside the 
bar, and only one person shall be so employed 
at the same time. 

39. All strangers who may be admitted to 
the study of the Keeper or of the Assistant 
Keeper shall be introduced through the Gold 
Ornament Room, and not through the Medal 

40. No stranger shall be left alone in the 
study of the Keeper or Assistant Keeper ; and 
no stranger shall be admitted into the Medal 
Room, or be allowed to remain there, unless 
two at least of the Assistants or their superior 


Officer, attached to the Department, be pre- chap. v. 


Sent. Admission of 

■NT 1 i i t-n Strangers to 

41. No person not attached to the Depart- the Coin and 
ment of Coins and Medals, other than Keepers and Keepers' 
or Assistant Keepers of Departments or Assist- Studlcs * 
ants in the other Departments of Antiquities, 
shall be permitted to draw or study in the 
Medal Room, or in the study of the Keeper or 
of the Assistant Keeper, without the express 
sanction of the Principal Librarian, to be ob- 
tained on a written application supported by 
the recommendation of the Keeper of the 
Department or, in his absence, of the Assist- 
ant Keeper, such application to be laid before 
the Trustees at their next meeting. 


Concerning the Security of the Museum. 

i. That the Museum (Bloomsbury) may at chap, vi 

. , r . , /~\rr Precautions 

no time be left without a proper Officer re- against Fire 
sponsible for its safety and duly authorized to Accidents, 
give orders in case of fire or other accidents, 
some one of the resident Subordinate Officers 
shall always remain within the precincts of 
the Museum, who, in the absence of the Prin- 
cipal Librarian, shall be responsible for the 
safety of the Museum, and of the Property 



chap. vi. and Collections therein, and shall have autho- 

Precautions . . . 

against Fire rity to give orders in case of fire or other acci- 
Accidents. dents. The Principal Librarian shall see that 
this Rule be strictly observed. 

2. Every Subordinate Officer shall pay par- 
ticular attention to the security of his Depart- 
ment ; and for that purpose see that, after 
Museum hours, the windows and doors be 
properly fastened, and that the fires be extin- 
guished or left so as not to be dangerous. 

3. Whenever it is necessary to bring portable 
lights into the Museum, they shall be carried 
in lanterns to be specially provided for that 
purpose. Lamps properly secured and ap- 
proved by the Trustees may be used in the 
office of the Principal Librarian, and of the 
Director, and in the studies of the several 

4. The Principal Librarian and the Director 
shall take care that the fire-engines and the 
pipes belonging to them be continually kept in 
good order ; and that the reservoirs be always 
in a state fit for service. 

5. Printed Regulations for the General 
Security of the Museum shall from time to 
time be placed in the hands of the resident 
Officers, the Messengers, the Clerk of the 
Works and such other persons as the Principal 
Librarian or the Director shall think fit. 






Forty-nine ; viz. 24 by Office, 1 by the Appointment of the 
Crown, 9 by Family Appointment, and 1 5 Elected. 


Three Principal Trustees. 

Offices. Names. 1886. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury . . . Edward White Benson, D.D. 
The Lord Chancellor ..... Farrer, Lord Herschell. 
The Speaker of the House of Commons . The Right Hon. Arthur 

Wellesley Peel. 

And Twenty -one others. 

The Lord President of the Council . . John Poyntz, Earl Spencer, 


The First Lord of the Treasury . . . The Right Hon. William 

Ewart Gladstone, M.P. 
The Lord Privy Seal The Right Hon. William 

Ewart Gladstone, M.P. 
The First Lord of the Admiralty . . . George Frederick Samuel, 

Marquis of Ripon, K.G. 
The Lord Steward John Robert, Earl Sydney, 


The Lord Chamberlain .... Valentine Augustus, Earl of 

Kenmare, K.P. 

D 2 



The Principal Secretaries of State 

The Bishop of London 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer 

The Lord Chief Justice, Queen's Bench 

The Master of the Rolls 

The Attorney-General 

The Solicitor-General .... 

The President of the Royal Society 

The President of the College of Physicians 

The President of the Society of Antiquaries 

The President of the Royal Academy . 

Names. 1886. 
f The Right Hon. Hugh Cul- 
ling Eardley Childers, 

Archibald Philip, Earl of 

Granville George, Earl Gran- 
ville, K.G. 
The Right Hon. Henry 

Campbell-Bannerman, M.P. 
. John, Earl of Kimberley. 
Frederick Temple, D.D. 
The Right Hon. Sir William 

George Granville Vernon 

Harcourt, M.P. 
John Duke, Lord Coleridge. 
William Baliol, Lord Esher. 
Sir Charles Russell, M.P. 
Sir Horace Davey. 
Prof. George Gabriel Stokes, 


Sir William Jenner, Bart., 

K.C.B., M.D. 
John Evans, Esq., D.C.L., 


Sir Frederick Leighton, Bart. 



1832 H.R.H. The Duke of Gloucester, K.G. 
1834 Hugh, Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 
1847 H.R.H. The Duke of Cambridge, K.G. 
1859 The Rev. William Cureton, D.D. 

1864 The Hon. and Very Rev. Gerald Wellesley, Dean of Windsor. 

1 88 1 H.R.H. Prince Leopold George Duncan Albert, Duke of Albany, K.G. 

1884 The Very Rev. Randall Thomas Davidson, Dean of Windsor. 



Sloane Family, 2. 

1753 Charles, Lord Cadogan. 

Hans Stanley, Esq. 

1779 Charles Sloane, Lord Cadogan . . v. Charles, Lord Cadogan. 
1788 Rt. Hon. Welborne Ellis (Ld. Mendip) v. Hans Stanley. 
1803 Hans Sloane, Esq. . . . . v. Lord Mendip. 

1833 George, Earl Cadogan .... 

1835 Right Hon. Edward Geoffrey Smith, 

Lord Stanley (Earl of Derby) . 
1864 Henry Charles, Earl Cadogan 
1866 Rt. Hon. Edward Henry, Lord Stanley 
(Earl of Derby) .... 

1873 George Henry, Earl Cadogan 

v. Charles Sloane, Lord Cado- 

v. Hans Sloane, Esq. 
v. George, Earl Cadogan. 

v. Edward Geoffrey Smith, 
Earl of Derby. 

v. Henry Charles, Earl Cado- 

Cotton Family, 2. 

1753 Samuel Burroughs, Esq. 
Thomas Hart, Esq. 

1757 Philip, Earl of Hard wicke 
1764 Velters Cornewall, Esq. 

Hon. Charles Yorke . 

1768 John Bosworth, DD. . 
1770 Francis Barrell, Esq. . 
1772 Francis Annesley, Esq. 
1786 Sir George Cornewall, Bart. 
1 81 2 Rev. Arthur Annesley 
1 8 19 George Booth Tyndale, Esq. 
1845 Rev. Francis Annesley 
1845 George Annesley, Esq. 
1872 Rev. Francis Hanbury Annesley 
1882 Rev. Sir George Henry Cornewall, Bart. 

Thomas Hart, Esq. 
S. Burroughs, Esq. 
Earl of Hard wicke. 
Velters Cornewall, Esq. 
Hon. Charles Yorke. 
Francis Barrell, Esq. 
J. Bosworth, D.D. 
Francis Annesley, Esq. 
Sir Geo. Cornewall, Bart. 
Rev. Arthur Annesley. 
Geo. Booth Tyndale, Esq. 

v. Geo. Annesley, Esq. 
v. Rev. Francis Annesley. 


Harley Family, 2. 

1753 William, Duke of Portland. 
— — Edward, Earl of Oxford. 

1755 Edward, Earl of Oxford 

1764 Wm. H. Cavendish, Duke of Portland . 

1793 W. H. Cavendish, Marquess of Titch- 

field (Duke of Portland) 
1 8 13 Rt. Hon. George Canning . 

1829 Lord Henry W. Cavendish Bentinck . 
- — - Rt. Hon. Geo. Agar Ellis (Ld. Dover) . 

1834 John Frederick, Earl Cawdor 

i860 Charles John, Earl Canning 

1862 George Granville Francis, Earl of 


187 1 Lord Henry Charles George Gordon 

Lennox, M.P 

George Augustus Frederick Cavendish 
Bentinck, Esq., M.P. 

v. Edward, Earl of Oxford. 
v. William, Duke of Portland. 

v. Edward, Earl of Oxford. 
v. Wm. H. Cavendish, Duke 

of Portland. 
v. Rt. Hon. Geo. Canning. 
v. W. H. Cavendish, Duke of 

Portland, resigned. 
v. Lord Dover. 
v. John Fred., Earl Cawdor. 

v. Chas. John, Earl Canning. 

v. George Granville Francis, 
Earl of Ellesmere. 

if. Lord Henry W. Cavendish 


Towneley Family 

1805 Edward Townley Standish, Esq. 

. v. E. Townley Standish, Esq. 
. v. J. Towneley, Esq. 
. v. R. P Knight, Esq. 
. v. P. E. Townley, Esq. 
. v. 

1807 John Towneley, Esq. . 
1 8 14 Richard Payne Knight, Esq. 
1824 Peregrine Edward Townley, Esq 
1847 Charles Towneley, Esq. 
1876 John Towneley, Esq. . 
1878 Thomas, Lord O'Hagan 
1885 Montagu Arthur, Earl of Abingdon 

C. Towneley, Esq. 
v. J. Towneley, Esq. 
v. Thomas, Lord O'Hagan. 

Earls of Elgin, 1. 

18 16 Thomas, Earl of Elgin. 

1 84 1 James, Earl of Elgin. 

1870 Victor Alexander, Earl of Elgin. 


Knight Family, i. 

1824 Thomas Andrew Knight, Esq. 
1838 John Knight, Esq. . . . . v. T. A. Knight, Esq. 
1850 Frederic Winn Knight, Esq., C.B., M.P. v. John Knight, Esq. 
(Sir F. W. Knight, K.CB.) 


[Those marked with * are Trustees in Office, 1885.] 

Archibald, Duke of Argyle. 
Hugh, Earl of Northumberland. 
Lord Charles Cavendish. 
Hugh, Lord Willoughby of Parham. 
Hon. Philip Yorke. 
Sir George Lyttleton, Bart. 


Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 

Election, *j William Sloane, Esq. 


James West, Esq. 
Nicholas Hardinge, Esq. 
Charles Gray, Esq. 
William Sotheby, Esq. 
Thomas Birch, D.D. 
John Ward, LL.D. 
Mr. (Sir) William Watson. 


1 761 Rt. Hon. Arthur Onslow 

. v. 

Duke of Argyle. 

Gustavus Brander, Esq. 

. v. 

N. Hardinge, Esq. 

1764 Philip, Earl of Hardwicke . 

. V. 

Hon. Philip Yorke. 

1765 John, Earl of Bute 


John Ward, LL.D. 

James Harris, Esq. 

Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 

Daniel Wray, Esq. 

. v. 

LordWilloughbyof Parham 

1766 Charles Littleton, Bishop of Carlisle 

. V. 

Thomas Birch, D.D. 

Matthew Duane, Esq. . 

. V. 

William Sotheby, Esq. 

1767 Hans Sloane, Esq. 

. V. 

William Sloane, Esq. 

T768 William, Earl of Bessborough 

. V. 

Rt. lion. Arthur Onslow. 

4 o 


1769 Hon. Edwin Sandys (Lord Sandys) 

1772 Richard Kaye, D.D. (Sir Richard 

Kaye, Bart.) ..... 

1773 Henry Cavendish, Esq. 

1783 Sir William Hamilton . 

Sir William Musgrave, Bart. 

1797 Lord Frederick Campbell . 

1784 Rev. Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode, 

M.A. ...... 

Thomas Tyrwhitt, Esq. 

1787 Heneage, Earl of Aylesford . 

George, Earl of Leicester (Marquess 

Townshend) ..... 

John Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury 

— Thomas Astle, Esq 

1791 Charles Townley, Esq. 
— — George John, Earl of Spencer 
1793 Augustus Henry, Duke of Grafton 
Right Hon. Frederick Montagu . 

1799 Shute Barrington, Bishop of Durham . 

1800 John, Marquess of Bute 

1 80 1 Alexander, Earl of Rosslyn . 

1803 Philip, Earl of Hardwicke . 

1804 Right Hon. Sir William Scott (Lord 


Right Hon. George Rose . 

1805 Alleyne, Lord St. Helens 
George, Earl Macartney 

1806 George Granville Leveson Gower, 

Marquess of Stafford (Duke of 
Sutherland) .... 

1807 William Windham, Lord Grenville 

1 810 Thomas Dam pier, Bishop of Ely 
George, Earl of Ashburnham 

181 1 Dudley, Earl of Harrowby . 

1 81 2 Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie . 

v. Bishop of Carlisle. 

v. James West, Esq. 

v. Sir George Lyttleton, Bart. 

v. James Harris, Esq. 

v. Charles Gray, Esq. 

v. Lord Sandys. 

v. Lord Charles Cavendish. 
v. Daniel Wray, Esq. 
v. Matthew Duane, Esq. 

v. Earl of Northumberland. 

v. Thomas Tyrwhitt, Esq. 

v. Gustavus Brander, Esq. 

v. Sir William Watson. 

v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

v. Earl of Bute. 

v. Earl of Bessborough. 

v. Rev. C. M. Cracherode. 

v. Sir William Musgrave,Bart. 

v. Rt. Hon. Fred. Montagu. 

v. Hans Sloane, Esq , ap- 
pointed a FamilyTrustee. 

v. Sir W. Hamilton. 
v. Thomas Astle, Esq. 
v. Earl of Rosslyn. 
v. Charles Townley, Esq. 

v. Earl Macartney. 
v. Bishop of Salisbury. 
v. Sir Richard Kaye, Bart. 
v. Henry Cavendish, Esq 
v. Duke of Grafton. 
v. Marquess Townshend. 



1812 Rt. Hon. Charles Long (Lord Farn- 

«— George, Earl of Aberdeen . 
181 5 John Henry, Duke of Rutland 

18 1 7 Henry Bankes, Esq. 

1 81 8 Charles, Lord Colchester 
1823 Sir George Beaumont, Bart. . 
1825 John Jefferies, Marquess Camden 
1827 Henry, Marquess of Lansdowne . 

1829 Alexander Baring, Esq. (Lord Ash- 

burton) . . . . 

1830 Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville 

John, Earl of Eldon .... 

1833 Right Hon. Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 

1834 Alexander, Duke of Hamilton 
Edward Smith, Earl of Derby 

Sir Robert Harry Inglis, Bart. (Right 

Hon.) . 

■ William Vesey, Lord Fitzgerald and 

Vesey ...... 

v. Bishop of Ely. 
v. Earl of Aylesford. 
v. Marquess of Bute. 
v. Lord Frederick Campbell. 
v. Rt. Hon. George Rose. 
v. Lord Glenbervie. 
v. Bishop of Durham, 
v. Sir George Beaumont, 

v. Lord Colchester. 
v. Lord Stowell, resigned. 
v. Earl of Ashburnham. 
v. Duke of Sutherland. 
v. Lord Grenville. 
v. Earl Spencer. 

v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

1837 Henry Hallam, Esq 

1838 George, Earl of Carlisle 

William Richard Hamilton, Esq. . 

1 841 George Granville Sutherland Leveson 

Gower, Duke of Sutherland . 

Sir John Fred. Wm. Herschell, Bart. . 

1847 Rt. Hon. Thomas Babington Macaulay 

(Lord Macaulay) .... 

The Very Rev. Wm. Buckland, D.D., 
Dean of Westminster 

1849 Rt. Hon. Henry Goulburn , 
Rt. Hon. Sir David Dundas 

v. Henry Bankes, Esq. 

v. Lord St. Helens, resigned. 

v. Earl of Eldon. 

v. Lord Farnborough. 

v. The Marquess Camden. 
v. Lord Fitzgerald. 

v. The Rt. Hon. Tho. Gren- 

v. George, Earl of Carlisle, 

v. Lord Ashburton. 
v. Sir J. F. W. Herschell, 

Bart., resigned. 



1849 Spencer Joshua Alwyne, Marquess 

of Northampton . . . .v. The Earl of Harrowby. 

1 85 1 Sir Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, 

Bart, M.P. . . . • . . v. Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 
— Edward Adolphus, Lord Seymour, 

(Duke of Somerset, K.G.) . . v. Marquess of Northampton. 

1852 Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (Bart, 

K.C.B.) . . . . ' > v. Earl of Derby. 

1853 The Very Reverend Henry Hart Mil- 

man, D.D., Dean of St. Paul's . v. Duke of Hamilton. 

1855 Rt. Hon. Lord John Russell (Earl 

Russell, K.G.) . . . . v. Rt. Hon. Sir R. H. Inglis, 


1856 Rt Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, 

M.P v. Rt. Hon, Henry Goulburn. 

1857 Rt. Hon. Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 

Bart, M.P. . v. The Very Rev. Wm. Buck 

land, D.D., Dean of 

*~ Rt Hon. Spencer Horatio Walpole, v. John Henry, Duke of Rut- 

M.P land. 

*i858 Charles, Viscount Eversley. . . v. William RichardHamilton, 

Esq., resigned. 

1859 George Grote, Esq v. Henry Hallam, Esq. 

1860 Henry, Lord Taunton . . . v. Thomas Babington, Lord 


1 86 1 Algernon, Duke of Northumberland, 

K.G. . . , . . v. George, Earl of Aberdeen. 

— — Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart . . v. George Granville, Duke of 


1863 Rt Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P. . v. Henry, Marquess of Lans- 
(Earl of Beaconsfield, K.G.) . . downe. 

*i864 Robert Lowe (Viscount Sherbrooke, v. Rt. Hon. Sir George 
G.C.B.) Cornewall Lewis, Bart. 

#1865 George Douglas, Duke of Argyll, K.G., v. Algernon, Duke of North- 
K.T. ...... umberland. 



1869 The Right Rev. Samuel Wilberlorce, 
D.D., Lord Bishop of Oxford 

(Bishop of Winchester) , . . v. The Very Rev. Henry Hart 

Milman, D.D., Dean of 
St. Paul's. 

1 87 1 William, Duke of Devonshire, K.G. . v. Henry, Lord Taunton. 
* John Dalberg, Lord Acton . . v. George Grote, Esq. 

1872 John Evelyn, Viscount Ossington . v. Sir R. I. Murchison, Bart., 


Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, Bart. . v. Sir T. Phillips, Bart. 

1874 Charles, Earl Somers . . . .v. The Right Rev. S. Wil- 

berforce, Bishop of Win- 

*i876 Thomas, Lord Walsingham . . v. John Evelyn, Viscount 


^1878 Major-General Sir Henry Creswicke 

Rawlinson, K.C.B. . . . v. The Right Hon. Sir David 


* Sir John Lubbock, Bart., M.P. . . v. Sir William Stirling-Max- 
well, Bart, M.P. 

*i879 Rt. Hon. Alexander J. B. Beresford- 

Hope, Esq., M.P v. John, Earl Russell, K.G. 

*i88i His Royal Highness Albert Edward, 

Prince of Wales, K.G. . . . y. Sir Philip de Malpas Grey 

Egerton, Bart., M.P. 
1881 Richard Monckton, Lord Houghton . v. Benjamin, Earl of Beacons- 
field, K.G. 

*i88i Very Rev. Henry George Liddell, Dean 

of Christchurch, Oxford . . .v. Right Hon. William Ewart 

Gladstone, M.P. 

*i883 Archibald Philip, Earl of Rosebery . v. Edward Adolphus, Duke 

of Somerset, K.G. 

*i883 John Alexander, Marquis of Bath . v. Charles, Earl Somers. 
*i885 Right Hon. George Otto Trevelyan, 

M.P. . . . . . v. William, Duke of Devon- 

shire, K.G. 

1885 James Ludovic, Earl of Crawford and 

Balcarres . .... v. Richard Monckton, Lord 





Principal Librarians. 

1756 Gowin Knight, M.D. 
1772 Matthew Maty, M.D. . . . . v. Gowin Knight, deceased. 
1776 Charles Morton, M.D. . . . v. Matthew Maty, deceased. 
1799 Joseph Planta, Esq., F.R.S. . . . v. Charles Morton, deceased. 

1827 Henry Ellis, Esq., F.R.S. (Sir Henry 

Ellis, K.H.) . . . . . v. Joseph Planta, deceased. 
1856 Antonio Panizzi, Esq. (Sir Anthony 

Panizzi, K.C.B.) . . . .v. Henry Ellis, retired. 
1866 John Winter Jones, Esq. . . . v. Antonio Panizzi, retired. 
1878 Edward Augustus Bond, Esq., C.B.jLL.D. v. John Winter Jones, re- 

1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 

1806 Edward Bray, Esq. . . . . v. E. W. Gray, resigned. 
1 8 14 Henry Ellis, Esq. . . . . v. E. Bray, deceased. 

1828 Rev. Josiah Forshall .... v. . H. Ellis, promoted. 
1849 The duties of this office were united with those of Principal Librarian. 

Superintendent and Director of the Departments of Natural 


1856 Richard Owen, Esq. (Sir Richard Owen, K.C.B.) {Superintendent.) 
1884 William Henry Flower, Esq. {Director.) 

Keepers of Departments. 

1756 Charles Morton, M.D. . . . Manuscript Department. 

James Empson, Esq. .... Natural History Department. 



1756 Matthew Maty, M.D. . 
1765 Rev. Samuel Harper . 
1773 Daniel Charles Solander, M.D. 
1775 Joseph Planta, Esq. 
1782 Rev. Paul Henry Maty 
1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 
1799 Rev. Robert Nares 
1803 Rev. William Beloe 

1806 Henry Ellis, Esq., B.C.L. 

1807 Taylor Combe, Esq. . 

George Shaw, M.D. 
Francis Douce, Esq. 

18 1 2 Rev. Hen. Hervey Baber 

18 13 Charles Konig, Esq., F.RS. 

1826 Edward Hawkins, Esq., F.R 

1827 Robert Brown, Esq., F.R.S. 

— — Rev. Josiah Forshall . 

1837 John George Children, Esq., F.R. 

— — Antonio Panizzi, Esq. . 

Sir Frederic Madden, K.H. 

Henry Josi, Esq. . 

1840 John Edward Gray, Esq. 

1845 William Hookham Carpenter, Esq. 

185 1 George Robert Waterhouse, Esq. (as 
Keeper of Mineralogy, including 
Geology) ..... 

1856 John Winter Jones, Esq. 

1857 George Robert Waterhouse, Esq. . 
1857 M. H. Nevil Story-Maskelyne, Esq. 

1859 John Joseph Bennett, Esq. . 

Library of Printed Books. 

v. J. Empson, deceased. 

v. M. Maty, promoted. 

v. C. Morton, promoted. 

v. D. C. Solander, deceased. 

v. P. H. Maty, deceased. 

v. J. Planta, promoted. 

v. S. Harper, deceased. 

v. W. Beloe, dismissed. 

Promoted to the New Depart- 
ment of Antiquities. 

v. E. W. Gray, deceased. 

v. R. Nares, resigned. 

v. F. Douce, resigned. 

v. George Shaw, deceased. 

v. T. Combe, deceased. 

Appointed to the Banksian 
Botanical Department. 

v. H. Ellis, promoted. 

Appointed Keeper of Zoology. 

v. H. H. Baber, resigned. 

v. J. Forshall, resigned. 

Appointed Keeper of Prints. 

v. John George Children, 

v. Henry Josi, deceased. 

v. Charles Konig, deceased. 
v. Antonio Panizzi, pro- 

Appointed Keeper of Geology . 
Appointed Keeper of Miner- 

v. Robert Brown, deceased. 

4 6 


1 86 1 Samuel Birch, Esq., LL.D. . 

Charles Thomas Newton, Esq. 

— — - William Sandys Wright Vaux, Esq. 
1866 Augustus Wollaston Franks, Esq. . 

— George William Reid, Esq. . 

— Thomas Watts, Esq. 

— - Edward Augustus Bond, Esq. 

1867 Richard Henry Major, Esq. . 

— Dr. Charles Rieu 

1869 William Brenchley Rye, Esq. 

1870 Reginald Stuart Poole, Esq. 

1 87 1 William Carruthers, Esq. 
1875 Dr. Albert Gunther . . 

George Bullen, Esq. 

1878 Edward Maunde Thompson, Esq. 
1880 Dr. Henry Woodward . 

Appointed Keeper of 
Oriental Antiqui- 
ties, with British 
and Mediaeval Anti- 
quities and Ethno- 
graphy, attached. 

Appointed Keeper of 
Greek and Roman 

Appointed Keeper of 
Coins and Medals., 

Appointed Keeper of British 
and Mediaeval Antiqui- 
ties and Ethnography. 

v. William Hookham Car- 
penter, deceased. 

v. John Winter Jones, pro- 

v. Sir Frederic Madden, re- 

Appointed Keeper of Maps, 
Charts, Plans, and Topo- 
graphical drawings. 

Appointed Keeper of Orien- 
tal Manuscripts. 

v. Thomas Watts, deceased. 

v. William Sandys Wright 
Vaux, retired. 

v. John Joseph Bennett, re- 

v. Dr. John Edward Gray, 

v. Thomas Watts, deceased. 

v. Edward Augustus Bond, 

v. George Robert Water- 
house, retired. 


1880 Lazarus Fletcher, Esq. 


1883 Sidney Colvin, Esq. 

1886 Alexander Stuart Murray, Esq. 

Peter le Page Renouf, Esq. . 

v. M. H. Nevil Story- Maske- 
lyne, Esq., resigned. 

v. George William Reid, 
Esq., retired. 

v. Charles Thomas Newton, 
Esq., C.B., retired. 

v. Dr. Samuel Birch, de- 

Assistant Librarians. 

1756 Henry Rimius, Esq. 

Rev. Samuel Harper 

Andrew Gifford, D.D. 

1757 William Hudson, Esq. . 

. v. 

H. Rimius, deceased. 

1758 Rev. Andrew Planta . 

. V. 

W. Hudson, resigned. 

1765 D. C. Solander, M.D. . 

. V. 

A. Planta, removed to the 

Printed Books. 

1773 John Obadiah Justamond, Esq. . 

. V. 

D. C. Solander, promoted. 

Joseph Planta, Esq. 

. V. 

A. Planta, deceased. 

1776 Rev. Paul Henry Maty 

. V. 

Joseph Planta, promoted. 

1778 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 

. V. 

J. 0. Justamond, dismissed. 

1782 Rev. Charles Godfrey Woide, LL.D. 

. V. 

P. H. Maty, promoted. 

1784 Rev. Richard Southgate 

. V. 

A. Gifford, deceased. 

1787 Rev. Samuel Ayscough 

. V. 

E. W. Gray, promoted. 

1 791 George Shaw, M.D. 

. V. 

C. G. Woide, deceased. 

1795 Rev. Robert Nares 

. V. 

R. Southgate, deceased. 

1799 Rev. Thomas Maurice 


R. Nares, promoted. 

1803 Taylor Combe, Esq. 

. V. 

R. Penneck, deceased. 

1805 Henry Ellis, Esq., B.C.L. . 

. V. 

S. Ayscough, deceased. 

1807 Horace Walpole Bedford, Esq. 

. V. 

Taylor Combe, promoted. 

Rev. Henry Hervey Baber . 

. V. 

Henry Ellis, promoted. 

Charles Konig, Esq. 

. V. 

G. Shaw, promoted. 

1808 William Alexander, Esq. 

. V. 

H. W. Bedford, deceased. 

181 2 Rev. Jas. Bean .... 

. V. 

H. H. Baber, promoted. 

1813 William Elford Leach, M.D. 

. V. 

Charles Konig, promoted. 

181 6 John George Children, Esq. 


W. Alexander, deceased. 

1822 George Henry Noehden, LL.D. . 

. V. 

W. E. Leach, resigned. 

Natural History Department. 
Library of Printed Books. 
Manuscript Department. 

4 8 


1824 Rev. Josiah Forshall . . . . 
1826 Edward Hawkins, Esq. 

Rev. H. F. Cary . 

■ Charles Fred. Barnwell, Esq. 

1828 Frederick Madden, Esq. (Sir Frederic 
Madden, K.H.) . 

1837 Rev. William Cureton . . 

1838 Rev. Richard Garnett . . . . 
1844 Samuel Birch, Esq 

1850 John Holmes, Esq. . 
— John Winter Jones, Esq. 

1854 Edward Augustus Bond, Esq. 

1856 Thomas Watts, Esq. . 

1857 William Brenchley Rye, Esq. 

1866 Reginald Stuart Poole, Esq. 
George Bullen, Esq. . 

1869 William Wright, Esq. LL.D. 
George Robert Gray, Esq. . 

1870 George William Porter, Esq. 

18 7 1 Eugene Armand Roy, Esq.. 

1 87 1 Edward Maunde Thompson, Esq. 
— — Barclay Vincent Head, Esq. 

1872 Dr. Albert Giinther . 
1875 Frederick Smith, Esq. 

v. T. Maurice, deceased. 
v. G. H. Noehden, deceased. 
v. J. Bean, deceased. 
v. E. Hawkins, promoted. 

v. J. Forshall, promoted. 
v. Fred. Madden, promoted. 
v. H. F. Cary, resigned. 
v. Chas. Fred. Barnwell, re- 

v. William Cureton, resigned. 

v. Richard Garnett, deceased. 

v. John Holmes, deceased. 

v. J. W. Jones, promoted. 

Appointed Second Assistant 
Keeper of PrintedBooks. 

Appointed Assistant Keeper 
of Coins and Medals. 

Appointed Second Assistant 
Keeper of PrintedBooks, 
in consequence of pro- 
motion of Thomas Watts. 

v. Edward Augustus Bond, 
promoted in 1866. 

Appointed Assistant Keeper 
of Zoology. 

Appointed Second Assistant 
Keeper of PrintedBooks, 
in consequence of pro- 
motion of W. B. Rye. 

Appointed Third Assistant 
Keeper of PrintedBooks. 

v. William Wright, resigned. 

v. Reginald Stuart Poole,pro- 

v. George Robert Gray, de- 

v. Dr. A. Giinther, promoted. 


1875 Richard Garnett, Esq. 


1879 Arthur Gardiner Butler, Esq. 
Edward John Long Scott, Esq. . 

1 880 Robert K. Douglas, Esq. 

1 88 1 Robert Etheridge, Esq. 
1884 Russell Martineau, Esq. 

Appointed Third Assistant 
Keeper of PrintedBooks, 
in consequence of pro- 
motion of George Bullen. 

v. Frederick Smith, deceased. 

v. E.M. Thompson,promoted 

Appointed Assistant Keeper 
of Printed Books (Maps) 
on retirement of Richard 
Henry Major, Esq., 
( Keeper of Maps). 

Appointed Assistant Keeper 
of Geology. 

v. Eugene Armand Roy, 
Esq., deceased. 

Extra Assistant Keepers of Departments, 

Printed Books. 


v. A. Schlichtegroll, resigned. 
v. G. H. Noehden,promoted. 
V. P. Bliss, resigned. 
v. F. A. Walter, resigned. 
v. J. T. Smith, deceased. 
v. W. Y. Ottley, deceased. 

1805 Horace Walpole Bedford, Esq. 

1 816 Antonio Schlichtegroll, Esq. 

John Thomas Smith, Esq. . 

1 81 9 George Henry Noehden, LL.D. 

1822 Philip Bliss, D.C.L. . 

F. A. Walter, Esq. 

1 83 1 Antonio Panizzi, Esq. 

1833 W. Young Ottley, Esq. 

1836 Henry Josi, Esq. , t 

Keepers of the Reading Room. 
1758 Peter Templeman, M.D. 

1 76 1 Rev. Richard Penneck . . . v. Dr. Templeman, resigned. 

1803 The duties of this office were made over to the Assistant Librarians ; 
in 1805 to the Under and Assistant Librarians; in 1824 to a Clerk 
of the Room, under the control of the Principal Librarian ; and in 
1857 to one of the Assistant Keepers of the Department of Printed 
Books, with the title of Superintendent of the Reading Room, also 
under the control of the Principal Librarian. The Office is now hold 
by one of the Assistants in the Department of Printed Books. 


II.— IN OFFICE IN 1886. 

Years when 
appointed to 
present office. 

Principal Librarian and Secretary. Edward Augustus Bond, 

Esq., C.B., LL.D 1878 

Director of British Museum (Natural History). William 

Henry Flower, Esq., LL.D ' 1884 

Keepers of Departments. 

British and Mediaeval Antiquities and Ethnography, Augustus 

Wollaston Franks, Esq 1866 

Oriental Manuscripts, Dr. Charles Rieu . . . . . 1867 

Coins and Medals, Reginald Stuart Poole, Esq. . . . 1870 

Botany, William Carruthers, Esq. . . . . . . 187 1 

Zoology, Dr. Albert Giinther 1875 

Printed Books, George Bullen, Esq 1875 

Manuscripts, Edward Maunde Thompson, Esq. . . . 1878 

Geology, Dr. Henry Woodward . . . . . . 1880 

Mineralogy, Lazarus Fletcher, Esq. ..... 1880 

Prints and Drawings, Sidney Colvin, Esq. .... 1883 

Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, Peter le Page Renouf, Esq. 1886 

Greek and Roman Antiquities, Alexander Stuart Murray, Esq. 1886 

Assistant Keepers. 

Printed Books, George William Porter, Esq 1870 

Coins and Medals, Barclay Vincent Head, Esq. . . . 187 1 

Printed Books, Richard Garnett, Esq. . * . . . . 1875 

Zoology, Arthur Gardiner Butler, Esq. . . . . . 1879 

Manuscripts, Edward John Long Scott, Esq. . . . . 1879 

Printed Books (Maps), Robert K. Douglas, Esq. . . . 1880 

Geology, Robert Etheridge, Esq. . . . . . . 1881 

Printed Books, Russell Martineau, Esq. . . . . 1884 

Assistant Secretary. John T. Taylor, Esq 1878 

Accountant. John Cleave, Esq. . . . . . . 1867 

Assistant Secretary (Natural History). Thomas Nichols, Esq. . 1880 

Superintendent of Reading Room. George K. Fortescue, Esq. . 1885